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No. It is a Type 38 variation made in China. The correct Chinese designation for these rifles is not known. Collectors refer to them as “Six/Five Infantry Rifles” based upon the four Chinese characters (六 五 歩 槍) that appear on the breech top of all examples. Some examples have two more characters (晋造 - JÌN-ZẦO), located either side and above of the receiver’s six (六) character, translate to “Shansi” and “Made” (read right to left). They were manufactured at the Taiyuan Arsenal, Taiyuan, Shansi Province, Republic of China (太原軍械庫, 山西) in 1929/1930.

Many of these rifles came in from Red China in the 1970s/1980s, but have dried up and are hard to find. Yours looks like a nice example,

Frank
 

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It is probably still in the Japanese 6.5x50SR. However, just to cover all possible bases, some were converted to 7.62x39 by the Red Chinese when they were transferred to the PRC's militia. It would be obvious from the bore size and by modifications to the magazine and follower.

I wish my Chinese was better. I'd love to know what the stock stamps indicate. Seems to be one over another and the initial stamp seems to be "People's Militia".

Frank
 
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