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Here is an interesting list. Mannlicher M95 and M95A are listed together as are M95/31 and M95/37. The Bundesheer first column is the number in stock and the 2nd column is the number on order. The Executive was the paramilitary police and the Frontmiliz the reserve forces.

Could the M95 be the unmodified M95s in 8x50mm while the M95A be those still in 8x50 that were shortened? The M95/31 (not 95/30?) be the original size 8x56mm and the M95/37 those shortened? I don't recall seeing anything authoritative on Republic of Austria M95's before.
 

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Hi RYG,
Great find! Inventories like these are a boon to collectors and this one is superb! Is there any way you can post a copy with higher resolution? The reference to the Austrian Army still having 52 (?) Steyr M14's (the M1912 Mexican service rifle) still in service in 1938 is fascinating and surprising. How did you come across this document? Are there more...perhaps from the 1920's?
Best Regards,
John
 

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Discussion Starter · #3 · (Edited)
This list is an appendix from the study by Janice Festa, Anschluss 1938 : Austria's Potential for Military Resistance available at the McGill University eScholarship site:
http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=28268&local_base=GEN01-MCG02

I hope it is OK to link the document. We have to click the PDF icon to download it. The list is on page 114. Perhaps you can see it better by checking the site. There are other interesting lists/appendices copied from Erwin Steinbock's book. They are in German, though.
 

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ryg,

Thanks! Very interesting, first time I see this nomenclature 95/37, very curious.
 

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RYG,
Many thanks for the link. It opens many questions:

What are the definitions of M95, M95A, M95/31 and M95/37?

What are the 11,200+ "deutsche 7.92"? Gew 88's?

Can anyone comparatively define the headings of the three columns? Bunderheer (got that one), "Exekutive" and "Frontmiliz"?

And the last line in the rifle listing, "andere auslandische verschiedenen Kalibers", "Other different foreign calibers"? I'd love to seen the inventory sub-listings for that category!

Regards,
John

This list is an appendix from the study by Janice Festa, Anschluss 1938 : Austria's Potential for Military Resistance available at the McGill University eScholarship site:
http://digitool.library.mcgill.ca/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=28268&local_base=GEN01-MCG02

I hope it is OK to link the document. We have to click the PDF icon to download it. The list is on page 114. Perhaps you can see it better by checking the site. There are other interesting lists/appendices copied from Erwin Steinbock's book. They are in German, though.
 

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RYG,
Many thanks for the link. It opens many questions:

What are the definitions of M95, M95A, M95/31 and M95/37?

What are the 11,200+ "deutsche 7.92"? Gew 88's?

Can anyone comparatively define the headings of the three columns? Bunderheer (got that one), "Exekutive" and "Frontmiliz"?

And the last line in the rifle listing, "andere auslandische verschiedenen Kalibers", "Other different foreign calibers"? I'd love to seen the inventory sub-listings for that category!

Regards,
John
Inteersting list, indeed, ryg.

John, reading the text, I get the following for Exekutive & Frontmiliz:
Pg. 36
"To meet the requirements of an army capable of defending its borders,
Jansa's tasks were fourfold: the expansion of the Austrian
army's manpower to war strength coupled with back-up support
from a loyal militia, a reliable Executive (rural
(Gendarmerie) and state police) and border police (Zo1.1.wache),"

Pg. 39
"In May 1936 all surviving militia groups were disbanded and united
together as the Frontmiliz or Front Militia, whose primary
task would be the initial defense of the border, giving the
Austrian army sufficient time to mobilize along its defense
lines."
So it looks as is we have listings for the army, gendermerie and/or police, and militia.

As for the older weapons, there are also references to arms caches being taken from socialist militias in the 1920s, as well as some Italian aid in the late 20s early 30s. Some of the odd balls may have come from those sources.
John
 

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I take it you have a copy of Erwin Steinböck's; Österreichs militärisches Potential im März 1938?
What does it say, if anything about the definitions of M95, M95A, M95/31 and M95/37? I see there are foot note markings in the appendix text but they are not included in the scanned portions. Searching the book using Google's bastardized Google Books all I get for the M95/37 in the text is:
Page 54: "Gewehre aur Stutzenlange abgesennitten und als m95/37 fur die S-Munition adaptiert."
Some of the above may be misspelled due to the sentence being chopped in half in the search window. And I do not read German.
 

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Hmmm, check the listings under "revolvers"... "Rast & Gasser" 7mm? (the Rast-Gasser M98 is 8mm), followed by "M91" in 8mm (do they perhaps mean the 9mm Gasser-Kropatchek?).

-Devo
 

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Hmmm, check the listings under "revolvers"... "Rast & Gasser" 7mm? (the Rast-Gasser M98 is 8mm), followed by "M91" in 8mm (do they perhaps mean the 9mm Gasser-Kropatchek?).

-Devo
You need to look at the larger version in the PDF. It has 7mm Rast & Gasser, followed by 8mm M98, not 91.
 

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Maybe this is a little easier to read? The second picture is the top paragraph in the right-hand column.
 

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I take it you have a copy of Erwin Steinböck's; Österreichs militärisches Potential im März 1938?
If you are asking me that, no. I took the text above from the thesis by Festa ryg linked to above.
 

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..."Rast & Gasser" 7mm?
There are many 7 mm Gassers, but no 7 mm Rast & Gasser. There is a 2/3 scaled Rast & Gasser M.98 in 6.35 mm. Here are some 7 mm Gasser revolvers:
 

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Discussion Starter · #13 · (Edited)
I take it you have a copy of Erwin Steinböck's; Österreichs militärisches Potential im März 1938?
What does it say, if anything about the definitions of M95, M95A, M95/31 and M95/37? I see there are foot note markings in the appendix text but they are not included in the scanned portions. Searching the book using Google's bastardized Google Books all I get for the M95/37 in the text is:
Page 54: "Gewehre aur Stutzenlange abgesennitten und als m95/37 fur die S-Munition adaptiert."
Some of the above may be misspelled due to the sentence being chopped in half in the search window. And I do not read German.
"Rifles shortened (abgeschnitten?) to Stutzen length and as M95/37 adapted to the S ammunition"
 

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I wanted to bring this thread back from the dead to try and definitively answer the questions posed by member ryg in the first post. Any news on exactly which types of long arms are being referred to in the top right column (95A, 95/31, 95/37, etc)?

Secondarily, I would think that the 'foreign rifles in different calibers' were those sequestered by the AH Empire in 1914?

Pat
 

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To my best guess M.95/31 are M.95 rifles CONVERTED to 8x56R caliber whereas M.95/37 are those which received a newly made barrel in 8x56R. They were never satisfied with the accuracy of converted barrels and those which have newly made barrels carry very late year indications on the barrel shank, hence my guess.
 

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Thanks! I’m also not content with the accuracy of my 1917 56R converted M.95 long rifle, and that’s even with hand loads… ;)
 

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The M.95 RIFLES converted to S caliber were Police issued guns whereas the ARMY only had short rifles (mainly Stutzenkarabiner) in S caliber.

Interesting in this chart are also the selfloading rifles (so semi automatic rifles). The 8mm österreichische means Austrian produced 8x50R semi auto rifles, the 7,92mm ausländische means 8x57 IS foreign rifles (I assume Mondragon rifles since Austria had a few of them in WWI?). The 8mm ausländische means foreign made 8x50R semi auto rifles - I wonder what those actually were, due to the small number maybe though some rifles submitted for trials.
 

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Interesting that they only have 6 M.70 Gasser Revolvers listed as being in inventory. I have a M.70/74 revolver that was made and accepted in Austrian military service in 1882 and then accepted back into Austrian military service in 1929.

I
 
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